Canada Free Trade Agreement With China

Mr. Champagne`s comment put on hold the idea of a free trade agreement with the world`s second-largest economy, for which Prime Minister Justin Trudeau was under pressure from domestic policy critics who accused him of being too willing to make concessions in exchange for greater trade with China. «If you want to diversify, and if you want to create jobs, opportunities and higher incomes for Canadians, you can`t do that unless you`re acting with nations that grow faster than you and are big on a scale, and that brings you to China,» Greenspon said at the time. Canada has made statements of condemnation. It abandoned the desire for an extradition agreement with China and terminated its extradition treaty with Hong Kong after Beijing imposed a new national security law on the city, widely seen as an erosion of its autonomy. Canada`s quest for a free trade agreement with China had already suffered a series of setbacks: Beijing refused to accept Ottawa`s demands for gender, labor and environmental clauses in such an agreement. The exploratory interviews have not taken place for several years. China remains Canada`s second largest trading partner. But the Canadian economy is also increasingly skeptical of China, whose reliability has been questioned by the repeated use of retaliation in political conflicts. In Mexico, the prospects for independent trade union formation are in fact quite limited – and often subject to various forms of state coercion and violence. Yet Mexico has never been penalized under the North American Labour Cooperation Agreement (NAALC). Nevertheless, a certain degree of communication has been made between governments, businesses and trade unions.

As a general rule, public institutions or agencies (like agreements reached under the agreements of the International Labour Organization and the World Trade Organization, of which China is already a member), are held responsible for the settlement of labour and trade disputes. However, the most important point to address here is that a labour agreement would allow Canada to cooperate more closely with China and within China to help improve working conditions. This is no different from the $65 million in foreign aid that Canada provided to China in 2005 to improve its legal system. A free trade agreement would be a long-term agreement between the two countries and would likely require both sides to increase trade and improve the working conditions that China would clearly benefit from a human rights perspective. Conservative Party of Canada leader Andrew Scheer made similar statements about why Canada would not seek a free trade agreement with China under a Conservative government. The Council of Canadians sincerely thanks the tens of thousands of our supporters who have spoken out on FIPA and those who have generously supported the legal challenge of Hupacasath. Thanks to your joint efforts, the Canada-China FIPA became a major responsibility for Stephen Harper in 2012 as he prepares for the next general election. While China`s growing demand for agriculture and food has benefited Canada`s agricultural sectors, Canadian exporters continue to face a number of significant barriers to trade growth.

Similarly, China`s domestic food self-sufficiency policy and its programmes to promote and protect local agriculture continue to limit the competitiveness of imported agricultural products and limit domestic demand for imported products. Tariffs and non-tariff barriers also limit the range of products that can be exported to that country and increase both risk and uncertainty for exporters.