Joinder`s agreements are often used in mergers and acquisitions for the union of individual shareholders on the terms of a merger agreement or a shareholders` pact and in fiduciary practice for the union of a donor under the terms of the trust. The Claims Committee requires that the court be competent for the purpose of each of the new claims and that the consolidation of rights is never mandatory. A party who files a complaint for breach of contract may file a complaint of assault at a later date, if he wishes. However, if the claims relate to the same facts, the doctrine of legal force does not allow the applicant to make claims later, for example.B. when a plaintiff files a complaint of assault and the case is closed, he cannot subsequently bring a battery action in connection with the same event. Mandatory membership is governed by the Federal Civil Procedure Regulation 19, which requires the membership of certain parties. The parties that need to be brought together are those that are necessary and indispensable to litigation. The rule includes several reasons why this might be the case, even if that party has an interest in the litigation that it cannot protect if it has not joined. For example, if three parties each claim land and the first two pursue each other, the third party may not be able to protect the (alleged) interest in the property if it has not joined. Another circumstance is that a party may end up with inconsistent obligations, for example.B.
it may be invited by two different courts to grant exclusive rights to the same property to two different parties. This is avoided by joining the parties in legal action. However, while the «necessary» parties must join if this Joinder is possible, the dispute will continue without them if membership is impossible, for example if the court is not competent for the party. On the other hand, if «indispensable» parties cannot be members, the dispute cannot be pursued. Courts have some discretion in determining which parts are essential, although the federal code contains certain guidelines.  Joinder of Claims refers to the perception of several rights against the same party. Under U.S. federal law, the joiner of claims is subject to Rule 18 of the federal civil procedure. These rules allow applicants to consolidate all claims they have against a person already involved in the case.
Applicants can file new claims, even if these new claims are not related to the claims already mentioned; For example, a complainant suing someone for breach of contract may also sue the same person for assault. Claims may not be related, but they can be combined if the applicant wishes.  Joinder of the parties is also in two categories: Generous Joinder and Joinder Pflicht.