Having witnessed the political and economic rivalries between European empires in the last quarter of the 19th century, the formal division of Africa prevented European countries from fighting for territory. The conference was an opportunity to channel latent European hostilities to the outside world, to create new spaces for European expansion in the face of growing American, Russian and Japanese interests, and to engage in constructive dialogue to limit future hostilities. In the last years of the 19th century, there was a transition from «informal imperialism» through military influence and economic domination to direct domination, leading to colonial imperialism. In the mid-19th century, Protestant missions carried out active work on the coast of Guinea, South Africa and the dominions of Zanzibar. One of the main objectives of the explorers was to locate the source of the Nile. The burton and Speke (1857-1858) and Speke and Grant (1863) expeditions located Lake Tanganyika and Lake Victoria. It was finally proved that it was the latter from which the Nile flowed. This principle, along with other writings at the conference, allowed Europeans to conquer Africa but do as little as possible to manage or control it. At the time of the conference, the principle does not apply so much to the hinterland of Africa. This gave rise to the «hinterland theory,» which essentially gave each colonial power with a coastal territory the right to claim political influence over an indefinite amount of inland land.
As Africa was irregularly shaped, this theory caused problems and was later rejected.  Secondly, what was the outcome of the quizlet of the Berlin conference? The Berlin conference was supposed to reduce the conflict between European nations and drop the slave trade, but it eventually divided Africa among European nations. What was the main reason for the Berlin conference? While the number of voters varied from country to country, the following 14 countries sent representatives to participate in the Berlin conference and sign the following Berlin Law: Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Ottoman Empire, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden-Norway, United Kingdom and United States. There were no African representatives at the conference, despite their rhetoric, which highlighted the usefulness for Africa.